Learn About Kidney Failure, the Main Signs and Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Have you caught wind of kidney disappointment? This condition is surprisingly normal and influences a large number of individuals all over the planet. Continue to peruse and figure out more.

What is kidney failure?

Kidney failure is an issue that impedes the kidneys’ capacity to channel and dispense with squander from the body. In this manner, whenever left untreated, it can prompt serious difficulties, including the requirement for dialysis or kidney transplantation.

The kidneys are imperative organs liable for separating the blood, eliminating byproducts, and controlling the harmony between liquids and electrolytes in the body. Subsequently, when the kidneys start to fizzle, the body collects harmful material that can altogether influence wellbeing.

Acute kidney failure occurs suddenly and quickly. On the other hand, chronic renal failure is slow, progressive and irreversible.

11 signs and symptoms of kidney failure

  1. Increased urinary frequency, especially at night;
  2. Decrease in the amount of urine;
  3. Fatigue or tiredness;
  4. Lack of appetite or nausea;
  5. Blood and/or foam in the urine;
  6. Swelling, particularly of the ankles, feet, and hands;
  7. Mental confusion or difficulty concentrating;
  8. Pain in the lower back, near the kidneys;
  9. Increased blood pressure.
  10. Dry and scaly skin
  11. Incoercible sobs

On the off chance that you are encountering at least one of these side effects, look for clinical consideration straightaway. Just a specialist can arrange tests to decide kidney capability and analyze kidney disappointment if essential. The sooner you start treatment, the lower the gamble of serious difficulties.


Kidney failure can be caused by a variety of factors, including chronic illnesses such as diabetes and high blood pressure, for example, as well as infections and damage to the kidneys.

According to the Ministry of Health, other causes include:

  • Circulatory collapse;
  • Disseminated infection;
  • Dehydration;
  • Extensive burn injuries;
  • Kidney blockage;
  • Poor heart function;
  • Acute inflammation in the glomeruli (filtering parts of the kidneys).

Since the kidneys are responsible for filtering and eliminating toxic substances from our body, excessive use of medications is also among the main causes of kidney damage.

Main medications that can cause kidney damage if used excessively

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): such as nimesulide and ibuprofen, for example;
  • Antibiotics: Gentamicin, Amikacin, Sulfamethoxazole-trimethopim, Vancomycin, among others;
  • Analgesics: currently, kidney damage associated with the use of analgesics is caused by the frequent use (every day and for months or years) of paracetamol, especially if associated with acetylsalicylic acid.
  • Contrast for radiological examinations: should only be used if essential;
  • Antivirals: acyclovir, for example, or antiretroviral, such as Atazanavir;
  • Immunosuppressant’s: such as cyclosporine and cyclophosphamide;
  • Diuretics.

How is kidney failure treated?

Luckily, intense renal disappointment is reparable, and whenever got right on time, there is a decent chance of recovery. Treatment comprises of endeavors to treat the basic condition, like diabetes or hypertension, as well as way of life changes, like eating a fair eating regimen, working out, stopping smoking, and restricting liquor consumption.

However, for patients with chronic kidney failure, there is no cure. But treatment with medication and dietary changes slows and even stops the progression of the disease. In extreme cases, dialysis or kidney transplantation may be effective options.

Recommendations from the Society of Nephrology for patients with Acute Renal Failure

Diet change

It will be important to restrict food and fluid admission to diminish the grouping of poisonous substances that the kidney needs to eliminate. In this manner, an eating routine low in protein, sodium and potassium and high in sugars is for the most part proposed.

Medication use

Antibiotics are intended to treat or prevent infections that may be either causing kidney failure or worsening your condition. Diuretics are used to help the kidneys eliminate fluids. Additionally, the use of calcium and insulin can prevent the harmful accumulation of potassium in the blood.

Be careful with nephrotoxic medications, such as those mentioned above, as they accumulate substances that cause or worsen kidney damage. Therefore, avoid them and do not self-medicate.

Living with the diagnosis

After diagnosis, you may need to follow a special diet to protect your kidneys. Therefore, consult a nutritionist. Depending on the severity of your case, he may suggest that you:

  • Choose foods with less potassium: for instance, apples, kale, green beans, grapes and strawberries, to stay away from an overabundance of potassium in the blood and protect the pulse;
  • Reduce sodium consumption : avoiding products with added salt, such as frozen foods, canned soups and fast foods, to avoid increasing blood pressure;
  • Control your phosphorus intake: too much in the blood can harm your bones and cause itchy skin.