Dysmenorrhea: See How to Relieve Menstrual Cramps With 5 Tips

Menstrual cramps, scientifically known as dysmenorrhea, are a common but often painful experience that most people face during their menstrual cycle. Continue reading, as in this satisfied we will investigate what feminine spasms are, and the reason they happen and we will give a few compelling tips to mitigate this uneasiness.

Understanding dysmenorrhea (menstrual cramps)

Dysmenorrhea alludes to stomach torment that happens previously or during your feminine period. It has a cyclical character, that is, it appears at the beginning of menstruation and disappears when the menstrual flow ends.

There are two types: primary dysmenorrhea, which is more common and not associated with underlying medical conditions, and secondary dysmenorrhea, which is related to health problems.

Primary dysmenorrhea

Primary dysmenorrhea is caused by excessive production of prostaglandins, substances that trigger more intense uterine contractions, as well as anxiety and a poorly positioned uterus.

Side effects incorporate lower stomach torment, which can go from gentle to extreme, as well as back and leg uneasiness. In the most extraordinary instances of feminine spasms, even daily existence can be impacted, which is when there is more examination on the most proficient method to lighten side effects.

This condition is thought of as “essential” since it isn’t related to fundamental clinical issues. It for the most part starts in the initial not many years after menarche (first feminine cycle) and will in general diminish with age or after pregnancy, at times.

Treatment for essential dysmenorrhea includes measures like the utilization of analgesics, non-steroidal calming drugs (NSAIDs) and the use of intensity to the stomach region, for instance. However, in additional serious cases, it is important to utilize hormonal contraceptives (just under proficient direction) to smother the development of prostaglandins.

Secondary dysmenorrhea

Secondary dysmenorrhea is a type of menstrual pain that is related to other medical conditions, for example, endometriosis, uterine fibroids or pelvic inflammatory disease. In contrast to primary dysmenorrhea, this form of pain is not just linked to normal changes in the menstrual cycle.

In this case, there may be more intense and persistent pain, which often worsens over time. Pain from secondary dysmenorrhea can also occur not only during menstruation but also at other times in the menstrual cycle. Thus, appropriate conclusion and treatment of the basic reason are fundamental to mitigate feminine issues in these cases.

It is assessed that just 10% of teenagers will have optional dysmenorrhea and, when they do, it is primarily brought about by endometriosis.

How to suspect secondary dysmenorrhea?

Note if:

  • Symptoms worsen with each cycle;
  • Pelvic pain is not just related to menstruation;
  • There is abnormal uterine bleeding;
  • There is renal malformation;
  • Family history of endometriosis.

Why do menstrual cramps happen?

During the menstrual cycle, the uterine lining releases substances called prostaglandins, which help the uterus contract and expel its lining. Notwithstanding, an overabundance of prostaglandins can prompt more extreme uterine withdrawals, bringing about torment.

5 tips to relieve menstrual cramps

1. Adequate hydration

Drinking plenty of water can help reduce fluid retention and alleviate feelings of bloating during your period. Furthermore, adequate hydration helps prevent dry fecal matter and constipation, reducing dysmenorrhea.

2. Application of heat

Applying heat to the abdominal region can relax the uterine muscles and relieve pain. So, hot water bottles or heating pads are effective in helping to alleviate the symptoms of menstrual cramps.

3. Light exercise

Exercising regularly, such as walking, for example, can improve pelvic blood flow and reduce the intensity of cramps. This is because physical exercise releases endorphins, a hormone closely associated with happiness and well-being.

4. Balanced diet

A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and low in processed and fatty foods can reduce inflammation and minimize cramping. This is because this diet improves intestinal transit and prevents food fermentation, also preventing gas.

According to one study, reducing salt and sugar consumption a week before your period can help reduce fluid retention and alleviate symptoms.

5. Abdominal massage

Performing a gentle abdominal massage with essential oils can help relax your muscles and relieve tension.

It is interesting to emphasize that, although many homemade recipes can offer temporary relief, it is essential to be cautious. Some herbs and supplements can interact with other medications or cause unwanted side effects. So, avoid self-medicating and always seek medical attention in case of severe pain.